Victoria has reported a new case of monkeypox, the first in six months, which may indicate local transmission rather than international travel. The virus, which caused a global outbreak in May 2022, has predominantly affected men who have sex with men. In 2022, Victoria recorded 70 cases, but with the mpox vaccination program, that number decreased to eight in 2023. Acting Chief Health Officer Christian McGrath urged people to be vigilant for symptoms, stay home if they develop symptoms, and book an appointment with their GP or sexual health service. The mpox vaccine is available for free through more than 250 providers in Victoria.