Muslims at Hong Kong’s Kowloon Mosque have raised the Chinese national flag in formal ceremonies, causing shock and disappointment among some believers. The ceremonies were attended by community leaders, imams, and Chinese officials. The move is seen as a challenge to the Islamic doctrine of the supremacy of God and is seen as part of the Chinese Communist Party’s efforts to control religious venues and promote “sinicization” of religious activity. Some Muslims are unhappy with the move, while others believe that patriotism and religion can coexist. The article highlights the fear of reprisals and pressure preventing believers from speaking out.