Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni has revealed the “Mattei Plan” for African development ahead of the Italy-Africa Summit. The plan aims to enhance energy cooperation with African countries and address the root economic causes of mass migration from Africa. Critics argue that the plan lacks a clear strategy and that Italy may not have the necessary knowledge or experience to make it work. Italy’s involvement in the Sahel and North Africa to mitigate instability and foreign interference has been criticized, and its attempts at cooperation on migration have largely failed. Italy aims to make African development a central theme during its G7 presidency this year.