According to research from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, about 14 percent of Australian women aged 44 to 49 have endometriosis. Hospitalizations for the condition have doubled among women aged 20 to 24 in the past decade. Endometriosis causes inflammation and scarring, leading to painful symptoms such as heavy bleeding, abdominal bloating, and reduced fertility. The rate of hospitalizations for endometriosis has almost doubled in the last 10 years, with the greatest increase seen among women aged 20-24. The report also highlights disparities in hospitalization rates among different population groups and the complex nature of diagnosis and management of the condition.