Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan has proposed a non-aggression pact to Azerbaijan, pending a comprehensive peace treaty between the two countries. The proposal includes a mutual arms control mechanism. The two nations have been engaged in conflicts over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region, with Azerbaijan recapturing it in 2020. Previous attempts to sign a peace agreement have been unsuccessful. The region’s ethnic-Armenian population, over 100,000 people, fled to Armenia following Azerbaijan’s takeover, leading to a refugee crisis.