Lawmakers in several states, including New York, Minnesota, and California, are pushing for right-to-repair bills to protect consumers’ right to fix their own devices or choose independent repair shops. The bills are targeting a practice called “parts pairing,” which Apple uses to control how phones are repaired. Under this practice, replacement parts, including screens, must be paired with the phone using Apple’s proprietary software. Independent shops would have to order parts directly from Apple, potentially causing delays and driving customers to Apple Stores. Repair advocates argue that parts pairing contributes to electronic waste and unnecessary resource consumption.